gynecological symptoms (Symptoms of gynaecologic disorders)

Gynecological symptoms (Symptoms of gynaecologic disorders)

Gynecological symptoms (Symptoms of gynaecologic disorders)


  • Disorders that affect the female reproductive system, including the breasts, are called gynaecologic disorders.
  • Various diagnostic procedures are performed when a woman has specific symptoms or when a woman has routine physical examination.
  • These procedures help prevent problems and maintain a woman’s health.


  • The most common symptom due to gynaecologic disorder includes vaginal itching, a vaginal discharge, abnormal bleeding from the vagina, pain in the pelvic area and breast pain.
  • The significance of the gynaecologic symptoms often depends on the age of the woman, because hormonal changes that occur with age may be involved.

Vaginal itching                                                                         gynecological symptoms

  • Click here to read complete details on vaginal itching.

Abnormal vaginal discharge                                      gynecological symptoms

  • Click here to read complete details on abnormal vaginal discharge.

Abnormal vaginal bleeding                                 gynecological symptoms

  • Click here to read complete details on abnormal vaginal bleeding.

Excessive hairiness                               gynecological symptoms

  • Excessive body hair, particularly on the face and trunk, like the ones in a male pattern, and on the limbs is called hirsutism.
  • Excessive hairiness may not seem like a gynaecological disorder, but it is considered one.
  • It usually results from abnormal levels of female and male hormones.
  • Hirsutism is more common in post menopausal women since the levels of female hormones have significantly decreased.
  • Hirsutism may be due to a disorder of adrenal gland or pituitary gland that results in over production of male hormones.
  • Sometimes this may lead to exaggerated male characteristics.
  • Hirsutism may also be due to polycystic ovarian syndrome.
  • Rare causes include tumours of the ovaries, porphyria cutanea tarda and use of drugs such as anabolic steroids, corticosteroids and minoxidil.
  • Blood tests may be performed to measure male and female hormone levels.
  • Drugs that may be the cause are discontinued.
  • Temporary solution includes shaving, waxing, plucking and using depilatories.
  • Eflornithine, a topical cream, available by prescription may be used.
  • It can slow the growth of hair causing a gradual reduction of unwanted facial hair.
  • This drug may temporarily irritate the skin causing redness, burning, stinging or a rash.
  • Bleaching may be effective if the hair is fine.
  • Laser phototherapy is temporarily effective.
  • The only safe permanent treatment is electrolysis, which destroys the hair follicles.
  • The disorder causing hirsutism is treated when possible.

Pelvic pain                                         gynecological symptoms

  • Many women experience pelvic pain.
  • Pelvic pain may be caused by problems related to any of the organs in the pelvis. This includes the reproductive organs, bladder, rectum and appendix.
  • Sometimes pelvic pain originates from the organs outside the pelvis. This includes ureters, gall bladder and intestine.
  • Psychological factors like stress and depression may contribute to pelvic pain.
  • The pain may be intermittent, sharp or crampy. It may be sudden and excruciating or it may be dull and constant.
  • The pain may gradually increase in intensity.
  • The area may feel tender on touch.
  • The pain may be accompanied by fever, nausea and vomiting.
  • When a woman suddenly develops severe pain in the lower abdomen or pelvis, doctors must quickly decide whether the cause requires an emergency surgery or not. Appendicitis, perforated ulcer, aortic aneurysm, a twisted ovarian cyst, pelvic infections due to sexually transmitted diseases and a pregnancy that develops outside of the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube.
  • To identify the cause, doctors may ask the woman to describe the pain, including its duration and location and other symptoms.
  • Doctors also ask about previous episodes of similar pain.
  • Information about the timing of the pain in relation to eating, sleeping, sexual intercourse, activity, urination and defecation may also be useful. Information about other factors that eases the pain or worsen it may also be helpful to doctors.
  • Doctor gently fells the entire abdomen, checking for tenderness and abnormal growths.
  • A pelvic examination helps doctors determine which organs are affected and whether an infection is present.
  • Other procedures may include a complete blood cell count, urine tests, pregnancy test, Ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and cultures to check for infection.
  • Treating the disorder causing the pain, if identified, may relieve the pain.
  • If a psychological disorder is contributing to the pain, counselling or other therapy may help.

Breast symptoms  gynecological symptoms

  • Symptoms related to breasts are common.
  • Symptoms are breast pain, lumps, pitting or dimpling in the skin of the breast and a discharge from the nipple.
  • Breast symptoms may or may not indicate a serious disorder.
  • For example, diffuse breast pain that is related to hormonal changes before a menstrual period does not indicate a serious disorder.
  • However, since breast cancer is a concern and early detection of breast cancer is essential to successful treatment of breast cancer, any change in the breast should be evaluated by a doctor.
  • Also, woman should examine her breast once a month.

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By |2018-12-28T14:52:15+00:00November 23rd, 2017|Disease/pathological condition, Women's health|Comments Off on gynecological symptoms (Symptoms of gynaecologic disorders)

About the Author:

B. Pharm (K.L.E. society's S.V.V. Patil College of Pharmacy, Bengaluru) M. Pharm (Maharishi Arvind Institute of Pharmacy, Jaipur)


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